The Many Uses of BOTOX or Botulinum Toxin



Dr. Frank Brettschneider is an accomplished otolaryngologist, surgeon, allergist, and osteopathic doctor with a private practice at Port Huron E.N.T. in Michigan. With a triple board certification in otolaryngology, otolaryngic allergy, and oro-facial plastic, Dr. Frank Brettschneider can provide a range of services to his patients for health or cosmetic reasons. One of the many services available at Port Huron E.N.T. is BOTOX injections.

BOTOX is the trade name for onabotulinumtoxinA, a drug containing botulinum toxin, which is derived from the generally quite poisonous clostridium botulinum bacterium, which is also the cause of the deadly disease botulism.

Botulinum toxin has been used in other contexts for years, and BOTOX was created in 1987, when an ophthalmologist named Jean Carruthers was using it to help patients with spasms in their eye region and noticed that it also made wrinkles disappear. Since then, BOTOX has been approved in 78 countries for cosmetic use, and is a very common treatment today for wrinkles and fine lines. It is generally quite safe in its current use, but there can be side effects and it’s important to get the treatment from a qualified professional.

Increasingly, researchers are studying a range of possible medical uses for botulinum toxin, and it has been shown to help with severe chronic migraines, arthritis, and even for excessive underarm sweating. A small Norwegian study showed that botulinum injections into the lower half of the stomachs of 20 people with obesity helped 75 percent of them lose weight.

Causes and Signs of Hearing Difficulties in Infants

Hearing loss in infants Image:
Hearing loss in infants


Dr. Frank Brettschneider, a privately practicing otolaryngologist and oro-facial plastic surgeon, welcomes a diverse range of patients with hearing loss. Dr. Frank Brettschneider builds on extensive experience in performing hearing screenings for newborn babies.

Hearing loss in children may be either a congenital or acquired condition. Congenital hearing loss, often diagnosed at birth, develops as a result of heredity or from problems in pregnancy or delivery. Premature birth may also put a baby at risk of congenital hearing loss, as can a neurologic disorder.

However, some infants do develop hearing loss during the first months or years of life. Hearing loss in these children may be a secondary condition to an infection, such as meningitis or influenza. Children may also lose hearing following a head injury, after exposure to extremely loud noise, or as a reaction to a particular medication. Parents are often the first to notice hearing loss in such cases.

Many parents begin to suspect hearing loss when they realize that their babies no longer jump or startle at a loud noise. They may notice that the baby is not responding to music or soothing voices, or that the child does not appear to be producing sound as expected. Most babies begin to coo by 2 months of age and babble by 4 to 8 months of age, and failure to do so may be a sign of hearing loss. This is particularly likely if the child does not turn toward an unseen sound, respond to changes in tone of voice, or enjoy playing with noisemaking toys.

Development in hearing and speech involves a variety of processes, and only a physician can assess whether a child’s delays stem from hearing problems or other issues. Parents should discuss any concerns they might have with the child’s pediatrician or a specialist.

Causes and Effects of Salivary Gland Stones

An experienced otolaryngologist, Dr. Frank Brettschneider has treated many conditions of the salivary glands. Dr. Frank Brettschneider provides both medical and surgical therapies for salivary stones and related conditions.

The parotid, sublingual, and submandibular glands produce the saliva that people need to digest food and fight against tooth decay. However, a condition known as sialolithiasis can block these glands and interrupt the release of saliva. This occurs when salivary chemicals like calcium collect in the gland or duct and begin to form stones, which are not noticeable to the patient until they close off the duct and cause saliva to collect in the gland.

As the saliva pools in the gland, the patient may feel intermittent pain. If the condition remains untreated, it may cause the gland to become infected or inflamed. When this happens, the patient may feel a lump or taste the drainage of pus into the mouth. Saliva-stimulating treatments or gentle massage may help to pass the stone in less severe cases, though some patients may require surgical removal of the stone from the gland.

The Agricultural College of the State of Michigan, Michigan State University

Dr. Frank Brettschneider currently serves as the President of Port Huron Ear, Nose, and Throat (E.N.T.). Prior to establishing the successful private practice in 1990, Dr. Frank Brettschneider garnered more than 20 years of education and experience across the fields of oro-facial plastic surgery and general otolaryngology. In 1985, Dr. Frank Brettschneider earned a Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine from Michigan State University.

Founded in 1855 as the Agricultural College of the State of Michigan, Michigan State University (MSU) officially adopted its current moniker in 1964. Located in East Lansing, Michigan, MSU remains the United States’ inaugural land-grant university. Following the 1862 Morrill Act, what is now Michigan State University hosted the country’s initial foray into democratizing advanced education. Consequently, MSU has acted as the model for our modern public university system, leading the way for 69 subsequent land-grant schools. More than 150 years later, Michigan State University continues to sustain a strong tradition of excellence, innovation, and leadership.

Michigan State University presently offers approximately 200 undergraduate and advanced programs through 17 degree-granting colleges. The pioneering public institution also boasts greater than 260 study abroad programs in more than 60 countries across all inhabited continents. Ranked first among U.S. public universities for its study abroad participation, Michigan State University’s total international student enrollment remains eighth across all US universities. Michigan State University also maintains a 25-year record as the foremost producer of Rhodes Scholars among all Big Ten schools. In addition to retaining its longstanding position as an educational trailblazer, Michigan State University continues to act as a leader in innovative research. In the 2009-10 academic year alone, total MSU grants reached approximately $495 million.

The National Wildlife Federation’s Campus Environment Report Card designated Michigan State University as among the country’s five most-sustainable campuses. Additionally, U.S. News & World Report ranks MSU as first for its graduate programs in nuclear physics, rehabilitation counseling, industrial and organizational psychology, and elementary and secondary education. According to the noted national publication, Michigan State University ranks 29th among all public universities nationwide. The annual Shanghai Jiao Tong University Academic Ranking of World Universities has honored MSU among its 100 top-rated international universities for eight straight years, and Kiplinger’s 2009–10 Best Values in Public Colleges ranked Michigan State University as first among all Big Ten schools. Michigan State University also remains the only university in the United States boasting three on-campus medical schools.

For more information regarding Michigan State University, please visit

The Role of Swim Molds in Kids’ Ear Infections, by Dr. Frank Brettschneider

Children love to go swimming, especially in the warm months, but sometimes this fun activity can lead to ear issues. As a result, many kids suffer from chronic ear infections. Sometimes, the fluid accumulation and infection can lead to a perforated eardrum. This might require treatments such as tympanoplasty, or eardrum reconstruction, and myringotomy, or the placement of ear tubes. In fact, myringotomy is among the more commonly performed operations in children under two years old.

After a child has tubes inserted in his or her ears, swim and bath time should be accompanied by the use of swim molds or earplugs. Both pool and bath water contain germs that can lead to infection. Simply having excess water in the ear can also cause pain and tenderness in the ear canal. Earplugs prevent water from entering the ear canal. Custom-fitted swim molds allow children to remain safe and pain-free while enjoying activities in the pool.

About Frank Brettschneider, DO:
Dr. Frank Brettschneider manages his practice at Port Huron ENT, with a focus on treating conditions of the ear, nose, and throat. Patients at Port Huron ENT may consider Insta-Mold and Doc’s Plugs as earplug choices.

Dr. Frank Brettschneider: Symptoms and Treatment of Chronic Sinusitis

As President of Port Huron ENT, Dr. Frank Brettschneider treats a range of ear, nose, and throat conditions, such as allergies, tonsillitis, hearing loss, and ear infections. Dr. Brettschneider also treats sinusitis, an inflammation of the sinuses that occurs when mucus cannot drain properly and causes blockage. Sinusitis can be triggered by infection or disease, allergens, environmental contaminants, or problems in the nasal structure. The condition can be acute, resolving within a few weeks, or chronic, continuing for more than 12 weeks.

Chronic sinusitis produces symptoms that often have a detrimental impact on an individual’s quality of life. These can include significant nasal congestion and discharge, facial or dental tenderness and pain, fatigue, fever and headache, and sore throat. Chronic sinusitis can also decrease one’s ability to taste and smell. In mild cases, sinusitis may be resolved by various medications or by nasal sprays and vaporizers. In more severe situations, surgery may be necessary.

At his practice, Dr. Frank Brettschneider employs innovative surgical techniques to treat sinusitis, including balloon sinuplasty. Cleared for use by the Food and Drug Administration, balloon sinuplasty opens obstructed sinus passages with a small balloon catheter. When inflated, the catheter reshapes and expands the sinus walls to restore normal function without harming the delicate tissues of the sinus lining.

A minimally invasive procedure, balloon sinuplasty does not require cutting or removing bone or tissue. This can reduce bleeding and recovery time. Balloon sinuplasty can also be used in conjunction with other treatment methods.

Dr. Frank Brettschneider: Balloon Sinuplasty

For over 20 years, Dr. Frank Brettschneider has been president of Port Huron Ear, Nose, and Throat, PC. As an otolaryngologist, Dr. Brett Schneider treats clients contending with allergies, dizziness, and sleep apnea, and he uses state-of-the-art technology such as Balloon Sinuplasty.

Provided by Acclarent, Inc., Balloon Sinuplasty serves as a groundbreaking therapy for chronic sinusitis patients. Individuals facing painful sinusitis who do not receive relief from medication may need to undergo surgery. However, the minimally invasive Balloon Sinuplasty functions as a less invasive way for doctors to provide treatment.

With this device, doctors do not need to cut or remove nasal bone or tissue. Instead, they use a balloon catheter to open blocked sinus passages. After the balloon enters the sinus opening, it expands, and the doctor sprays saline into the cavity. This flushes the mucus and makes drainage easier and more effective. Additionally, the balloon widens the sinus walls, which means that breathing remains easier following the removal of the equipment. Patients can normally return to their daily routines approximately two days after the procedure.