The AOA Supports the Joining Forces Initiative

Dr. Frank Brettschneider is an experienced Michigan-based physician who has been a practicing otolaryngologist and orofacial plastic surgeon since 1990. An active professional, Dr. Frank Brettschneider is a member of several medical organizations, including the American Osteopathic Association (AOA).

Serving over 104,000 osteopathic physicians, or DOs, as well as medical students, the AOA has several goals. The group acts as the primary certifying body for DOs, provides accreditation to osteopathic medical schools, promotes scientific research, and works as an advocate for public health. As part of its advocacy, the AOA has partnered with the White House and the greater medical community in the national Joining Forces initiative.

Joining Forces calls on all sectors of society to provide support for military veterans. The AOA is doing its part by raising awareness in the osteopathic community of the specific mental and physical health needs of service members and their families. In a show of solidarity, the nation’s 26 osteopathic medical schools have pledged to train their students to be sensitive to the unique medical needs of military personnel, to spread information regarding traumatic brain injuries and post-traumatic stress disorder, and to work to improve the general health and wellness of service members and their families.

About The Boy Scouts of America (BSA)

Michigan Oro-Facial Surgeon Dr. Frank Brettschneider effectively supervises his private Port Huron-based practice. Additionally, Dr. Frank Brettschneider regularly supports a variety of noted civic and philanthropic enterprises. Among them, Dr. Frank Brettschneider partners with the Boy Scouts of America.

The Boy Scouts of America (BSA) celebrated its 100th anniversary in 2010, and the organization continues to rank among the major youth-oriented groups across the United States. Through a comprehensive array of programs targeting individuals up to 21 years of age, the BSA strives to promote strong character, health, and citizenship against a rigorous ethical standard. The Boy Scouts of America initially developed out of two early US community organizations, the Sons of Daniel Boone and the Woodcraft Indians. Highly influenced by these groups, British Lieutenant-General Robert Baden-Powell established Britain’s scouting movement in 1907. Independently, a variety of local American scouting organizations began appearing across the United States. These assorted programs later merged to become today’s Boy Scouts of America.

Officially incorporated in 1910, the Boy Scouts of America boasted 1 million youth members by 1925, and in 2000 reported its 100 millionth Scout. Today, more than 33 million adult volunteers support greater than 114 million youth participants across an array of thorough programs. Depending on the participant’s age, the Boy Scouts of America offers Tiger Cubs, Cub Scouts, Webelos Scouts, Boy Scouting, and Varsity Scouting. Among a variety of other activities, Scouts engage a diverse series of educational, civic, and outdoor projects toward acquitting merit badges. The rank of Eagle Scout remains the highest rank across the Boy Scouts of America. In order to earn the rank of Eagle Scout, an individual must demonstrate significant experience and accomplishment across a range of specialties. More than 52,000 youth participants earned the rank of Eagle Scout in 2009, and more than 2 million Eagle Scouts have been certified to date.

The Boy Scouts of America remains a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. The Boy Scouts of America continues to promote a high standard of civic and personal responsibility though a variety of fun, educational programs. Community projects engaged by the Boy Scouts of America in 2009 incorporated more than 1.1 adult volunteers and 2.8 million youth participants, collectively reporting greater than 36 million service hours. With 181 United States astronauts alone having held membership in the BSA, the Boy Scouts of America continues to boast a legacy of effectively developing tomorrow’s leaders.

For more information regarding the Boy Scouts of America, please visit

Videostroboscopy of Larynx Determines Function of Vocal Cords and Voice Box By Frank Brettschneider, D.O.

A videostroboscopy of the larynx allows physicians to diagnose issues that affect the voice box and vocal cords. Doctors utilize the technology to determine the causes of such issues as abnormal hoarseness or tone from medical complications associated with acid reflux, polyps, growths, or irritation. The videostroboscopy also reveals muscle defects that make it hard for people to swallow.

Performed as an outpatient procedure, a videostroboscopy takes about 20 minutes. Using a flexible endoscope comprised of a fiber-optic strobe light and camera on a thin tube, the doctor asks the patient to speak. The speech examination entails several different sounds, providing a complete picture of the larynx and throat structure. Video equipment records the sounds of the voice as well as the motion of the vocal cords to facilitate further examination after the videostroboscopy.

About the Author:
Frank Brettschneider, D.O., possesses nearly a quarter-century of experience as an otolaryngologist. He regularly diagnoses and treats such conditions as allergies, sleep apnea, thyroid disease, sino-nasal disorders, hearing problems, and issues that affect speech. In addition, Dr. Frank Brettschneider uses laser treatment to remove hair and tattoos and to reduce the appearance of vascular lesions.

“Vestibular Testing,” by Dr. Frank Brettschneider

The ear comprises many small parts, many of which are responsible for more than just hearing. The vestibular portion of the ear, for example, controls one’s sense of balance. When it is damaged or its normal function is impaired, patients can experience dizziness and vertigo. To diagnose vestibular ear problems, ear-nose-and-throat specialists often run a variety of tests, collectively known as vestibular testing.

One of these tests, Electronystagmography (ENG), tracks eye movement relative to head position to identify what part of the ear may be the problem. Electrocochleography (ECOG) tests hearing through a small electrode in the ear canal, identifying any hearing loss that may be related to the patient’s dizziness. Finally, the rotating-chair test identifies whether dizziness is a brain or an ear disorder; those with ear disorders are measurably less dizzy while in motion than healthy individuals.

While dizziness can result from many different conditions, testing the ear will help to determine whether the problem is symptomatic of a more serious condition.

About the Author: 
Dr. Frank Brettschneider, an Otolaryngologist, opened Port Huron E.N.T. in 1990. A graduate in the top 5 percent of his class, Dr. Brettschneider possesses extensive surgical experience.

“An Overview of Obstructive Sleep Apnea,” by Dr. Frank Brettschneider

Obstructive Sleep Apnea, the most common form of sleep apnea, results from partial to total obstruction of the upper airways during the night with complete cessation of breathing for 20 or more seconds. This often causes snoring as the soft palette vibrates while the sleeper tries to force air through the narrowed passage.

Recurrent sleep apnea patients often complain of inadequate rest and may experience fatigue from low blood oxygen, high blood pressure, and damage leading to serious heart disease. Additional complications can include damage to the hippocampus and frontal cortex of the brain, reducing the ability to process nonverbal information.

Non-surgical treatment includes the use of a CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) machine or a mouth guard-like device, known as a mandibular advancement splint, which can reposition the soft tissue of the mouth and treat mild cases of apnea. Surgical treatment, however, is recommended for severe cases or for patients unable to properly use a CPAP machine due to other medical conditions. Two common surgical solutions include the pillar procedure for mild cases, which involves inserting small supports into the soft palate, and an uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) for extreme cases, which requires the removal of the uvula and tonsils.

About the Author:
Dr. Frank Brettschneider is a triple board-certified Otolaryngologist and graduated in the top 5 percent of his class at Michigan State University.