Sleep Apnea in Children

 

Sleep Apnea pic
Sleep Apnea
Image: sleepapnea.org

Dr. Frank Brettschneider, who heads an otolaryngology practice, helps patients with nose, ear, and throat conditions, including sleep apnea. In addition to seeing adults with the condition, Dr. Frank Brettschneider has treated children experiencing the sleep disorder.

Children with sleep apnea, a condition in which their breathing becomes blocked during the night, can experience a number of negative side effects on their overall health and well-being. For instance, they might have headaches or feel sleepy during the school day due to poorer-quality sleep at night. Parents often have a tough time waking up a child with sleep apnea in the morning. They might also notice that the child snores loudly at night and breathes through his or her mouth.

Sleep apnea in children has a number of possible causes. For instance, larger-than-normal adenoids and tonsils can partially block air flow as the child breathes while asleep. Excess weight, factors related to jaw and mouth structure, and experiencing second-hand cigarette smoke may be other contributing factors. If parents suspect that their child has sleep apnea, they should take him or her to a qualified medical professional for evaluation and treatment to address the issue as necessary.

The Many Uses of BOTOX or Botulinum Toxin

BOTOX

 

Dr. Frank Brettschneider is an accomplished otolaryngologist, surgeon, allergist, and osteopathic doctor with a private practice at Port Huron E.N.T. in Michigan. With a triple board certification in otolaryngology, otolaryngic allergy, and oro-facial plastic, Dr. Frank Brettschneider can provide a range of services to his patients for health or cosmetic reasons. One of the many services available at Port Huron E.N.T. is BOTOX injections.

BOTOX is the trade name for onabotulinumtoxinA, a drug containing botulinum toxin, which is derived from the generally quite poisonous clostridium botulinum bacterium, which is also the cause of the deadly disease botulism.

Botulinum toxin has been used in other contexts for years, and BOTOX was created in 1987, when an ophthalmologist named Jean Carruthers was using it to help patients with spasms in their eye region and noticed that it also made wrinkles disappear. Since then, BOTOX has been approved in 78 countries for cosmetic use, and is a very common treatment today for wrinkles and fine lines. It is generally quite safe in its current use, but there can be side effects and it’s important to get the treatment from a qualified professional.

Increasingly, researchers are studying a range of possible medical uses for botulinum toxin, and it has been shown to help with severe chronic migraines, arthritis, and even for excessive underarm sweating. A small Norwegian study showed that botulinum injections into the lower half of the stomachs of 20 people with obesity helped 75 percent of them lose weight.

Options for Treatment of Sinusitis

Dr Frank Brettschneider pic
Dr Frank Brettschneider
Image: porthuronent.com

As president of Port Huron Ear, Nose, and Throat, Dr. Frank Brettschneider builds on more than 30 years of practice experience. Dr. Frank Brettschneider regularly treats patients with acute or chronic sinusitis.

Treatment of sinusitis depends on its duration, severity, and cause. Patients with bacterial sinusitis can benefit from a course of antibiotics, though some physicians believe that such infections are rare and that antibiotics are unhelpful for the majority of sinusitis sufferers, whose condition is more likely to stem from viruses or allergies.

Those with sinusitis due to allergies may find relief through antihistamines or allergy shots. Some symptom relief may be achieved through painkillers and decongestants, the latter of which can help to thin collected mucus and improve drainage. Patients may achieve a similar effect through nasal irrigation, warm heat, or steam vapor inhalation, although those with severe swelling may require a prescription for an inhaled or oral steroid.

If a patient’s sinusitis recurs or endures for an extended period of time, surgery may be necessary. Performed either endoscopically or through a traditional incision, surgery aims to remove blockages and encourage the sinuses to drain. Finally, some patients may be eligible for an alternative surgery known as balloon sinuplasty, which allows the surgeon to effect incision-free drainage using an inflatable catheter.

The Benefits of Balloon Sinuplasty

 

Balloon Sinuplasty pic
Balloon Sinuplasty
Image: porthuronent.com

A Michigan-based otolaryngologist, Dr. Frank Brettschneider treats patients at Port Huron Ear, Nose, and Throat, PC. Dr. Frank Brettschneider specializes in orofacial plastic surgery, laryngoscopy, and balloon sinuplasty.

An endoscopic, catheter-based system, balloon sinuplasty offers relief from sinus pain. The technology, which takes an average of 73 minutes to administer, allows otolaryngologists to open up blocked sinus passageways without cutting the nasal bone or any tissue. As a result, patients experience less bleeding and minimal pain following a procedure. In addition, they typically have quicker recovery times, returning to regular activity within two days.

The technology has been used to treat more than 380,000 patients to date. Most patients who undergo a balloon sinuplasty enjoy long-term relief. In fact, the Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology reported that 95 percent of 1,036 patients observed in a clinical study of balloon sinuplasty outcomes continued to experience symptom relief of sinus pain following nine months of treatment. Another study, published in Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, found that a majority of patients maintained an improved quality of life and symptom relief after two years.

Causes and Signs of Hearing Difficulties in Infants

Hearing loss in infants Image: cdc.gov
Hearing loss in infants
Image: cdc.gov

 

Dr. Frank Brettschneider, a privately practicing otolaryngologist and oro-facial plastic surgeon, welcomes a diverse range of patients with hearing loss. Dr. Frank Brettschneider builds on extensive experience in performing hearing screenings for newborn babies.

Hearing loss in children may be either a congenital or acquired condition. Congenital hearing loss, often diagnosed at birth, develops as a result of heredity or from problems in pregnancy or delivery. Premature birth may also put a baby at risk of congenital hearing loss, as can a neurologic disorder.

However, some infants do develop hearing loss during the first months or years of life. Hearing loss in these children may be a secondary condition to an infection, such as meningitis or influenza. Children may also lose hearing following a head injury, after exposure to extremely loud noise, or as a reaction to a particular medication. Parents are often the first to notice hearing loss in such cases.

Many parents begin to suspect hearing loss when they realize that their babies no longer jump or startle at a loud noise. They may notice that the baby is not responding to music or soothing voices, or that the child does not appear to be producing sound as expected. Most babies begin to coo by 2 months of age and babble by 4 to 8 months of age, and failure to do so may be a sign of hearing loss. This is particularly likely if the child does not turn toward an unseen sound, respond to changes in tone of voice, or enjoy playing with noisemaking toys.

Development in hearing and speech involves a variety of processes, and only a physician can assess whether a child’s delays stem from hearing problems or other issues. Parents should discuss any concerns they might have with the child’s pediatrician or a specialist.

Causes and Effects of Salivary Gland Stones

An experienced otolaryngologist, Dr. Frank Brettschneider has treated many conditions of the salivary glands. Dr. Frank Brettschneider provides both medical and surgical therapies for salivary stones and related conditions.

The parotid, sublingual, and submandibular glands produce the saliva that people need to digest food and fight against tooth decay. However, a condition known as sialolithiasis can block these glands and interrupt the release of saliva. This occurs when salivary chemicals like calcium collect in the gland or duct and begin to form stones, which are not noticeable to the patient until they close off the duct and cause saliva to collect in the gland.

As the saliva pools in the gland, the patient may feel intermittent pain. If the condition remains untreated, it may cause the gland to become infected or inflamed. When this happens, the patient may feel a lump or taste the drainage of pus into the mouth. Saliva-stimulating treatments or gentle massage may help to pass the stone in less severe cases, though some patients may require surgical removal of the stone from the gland.

Mastoiditis – A Serious Condition Related to Ear Infection

Trained in orofacial plastic surgery and general otolaryngology, Dr. Frank Brettschneider is the president of Port Huron Ear, Nose, and Throat, PC, in Michigan. As such, Dr. Frank Brettschneider is experienced in treating illnesses common among infants and young children, as well as mastoiditis, a more serious condition.

Typically caused by an acute middle ear infection, mastoiditis occurs when the infection spreads to the skull’s mastoid bone. As infected material fills the mastoid bone, its structure, which similar to that of a honeycomb, is at risk of deterioration.

Common symptoms of mastoiditis include ear pain, drainage from the ear, hearing loss, and headache. In addition, the ear may become red, with swelling occurring behind the ear. Prior to the discovery of antibiotics, mastoiditis was a leading cause of death among children. Currently, mastoiditis can be treated with injected antibiotics, followed by a course of oral antibiotics. However, the condition can be difficult to treat, as drugs may not penetrate deep enough into the mastoid bone to quell the infection. In severe cases, part of the bone may need to be removed in order to drain the mastoid.